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Plains of Abraham and the tower of the Hotel Chateau Frontenac, Québec

In 1759, General James Wolfe and the British army defeated the French army. Due to the assimilation scheme (1763-1774), an intellectual opposition and a quiet revolution (1944-1959) French was defined as the only official language of Quebec in areas of provincial jurisdiction (1977, a brief summary of history by a layman ;-) Today Quebec is the only province whose sole and only official language is French.